Il charge tout seul l’armée adverse et le temps qu'il revienne avec la tête de Hua Xiong, le vin était encore tiède. Over time and as an act of syncreticism, Guan Yu was seen as the representative guardian of the temple and the garden in which it stands. He is straight-headed, righteous and loyal. Guan Yu and Zhang Fei both had the style of a guoshi. [Sanguozhi 6], Although Cao Cao admired Guan Yu's character, he also sensed that Guan Yu had no intention of serving under him for long. Liu Bei veut alors traverser le Jiang pour aller à Fan, et confie à Guan Yu une flotte d’une centaine de navires pour le rejoindre à Jiangling. Cao Cao dépêche Yu Jin pour aider Cao Ren mais comme c’est l’automne, de nombreuses précipitations font déborder le fleuve Han. A man who also excels in literary studies, he gains many admirers from each kingdom with his might and has earned the nickname "God of War/Army God". Quand pensez-vous qu’il partira? Mais peu avant la bataille finale, Guan Yu réitère sa demande à plusieurs reprises si bien que Cao Cao commence à se demander si la dame ne devait pas être de grande beauté. , Chen Shou, who wrote Guan Yu's biography in the Sanguozhi, commented on the latter as such: "Guan Yu and Zhang Fei were referred to as mighty warriors capable of fighting thousands of enemies. Other non-Koei titles in which he also appears include: Total War: Three Kingdoms; Puzzle & Dragons; Sango Fighter; Destiny of an Emperor; Atlantica Online; and Smite. Le roman souligne très vite son sens de l’honneur : si historiquement, on ignore pourquoi Guan Yu était un fugitif, pour l’auteur du roman, c’est parce qu'il avait tué un potentat local dont il ne pouvait supporter la tyrannie. Cao Cao made a mistake when he refused to kill Guan Yu and landed himself in deep trouble. [j] Most of Guan Yu's soldiers lost their fighting spirit and deserted and went back to Jing Province to reunite with their families. Il porte à l'époque le prénom usuel de Changsheng (traditionnel : 長生, simplifié : 长生). The warlord Liu Bei, and his friends, Zheng Fei, and the mighty Guan Yu swore an oath of brotherhood in a mystical peach garden, vowing to create a new, righteous world. They suggested to Cao Cao to ally with Sun Quan and get him to help them hinder Guan Yu's advances; in return, Cao Cao would recognise the legitimacy of Sun Quan's claim over the territories in Jiangdong. Zhang Liao répondit: « Guan Yu a reçu votre traitement de faveur. The three of them were as close as brothers and they shared the same room. He also wields his signature Guandao weapon. Dans le roman, Guan Yu, apprenant où Liu Bei s’était réfugié, quitte Cao Cao et tue tour à tour cinq généraux venus s’interposer et parcourt 1 000 lieues pour retrouver son frère, tout en trainant ses deux femmes avec lui. Au Japon, il est connu sous le nom de Kan'u Unchō, en Corée, sous le nom de Gwanu Unjang, et au Viêt Nam, sous celui de Quan Vũ Vân Trường. Mais dans le roman, il ne se soumet qu’à trois conditions, soulignant sa loyauté envers Liu Bei : Guan Yu reçoit de Cao Cao Lièvre Rouge, le cheval de Lü Bu, capable de parcourir 1 000 li (lieues) en un seul jour. » C’est souvent fidèle à cette description que sont faites les représentations de Guan Yu. “Xuande (Liu Bei's style name) took a glance at the man, who stood at a height of nine chi, and had a two chi long beard; his face was of the color of a zao, with red lips; his eyes were like that of a pho… , During the Battle of Xiapi in late 198, when the allied forces of Cao Cao and Liu Bei fought against Lü Bu, Guan Yu sought permission from Cao Cao to marry Qin Yilu's wife Lady Du (杜氏) after they won the battle.  He is also held in high esteem in Confucianism. Sun Quan fait capturer Guan Yu et l’exécute avec son fils, Guan Ping, par Lu Meng, à Lingju. [Sanguozhi others 6] After seizing and pacifying the various commanderies in southern Jing Province, Liu Bei appointed Guan Yu as the Administrator (太守) of Xiangyang and General Who Defeats Bandits (盪寇將軍), and ordered him to station at the north of the Yangtze River. [Sanguozhi 23] Guan Yu also had a daughter. [Sanguozhi zhu 1] He fled from his hometown for unknown reasons[h] and went to Zhuo Commandery. Guan Yu is referenced in the 2020 game Hades by Supergiant Games. After Liu Bei seized control of Yi Province, Sun Quan asked him to return three commanderies but Liu Bei refused. Guan Yu ne peut contenir ses adversaires et appelle à la retraite, mais les troupes de Sun Quan de leur côté avaient déjà capturé Jiangling et pris en otage les femmes et enfants des troupes de Guan Yu, ce qui se traduisit par la dispersion de son armée. The peerage of marquis was divided into three grades during the, 先主為平原相，以羽、飛為別部司馬，分統部曲。先主與二人寢則同牀，恩若兄弟。而稠人廣坐，侍立終日，隨先主周旋，不避艱險。, 紹遣大將軍顏良攻東郡太守劉延於白馬，曹公使張遼及羽為先鋒擊之。羽望見良麾蓋，策馬刺良於萬衆之中，斬其首還，紹諸將莫能當者，遂解白馬圍。曹公即表封羽為漢壽亭侯。, 初，曹公壯羽為人，而察其心神無乆留之意，謂張遼曰：「卿試以情問之。」旣而遼以問羽，羽歎曰：「吾極知曹公待我厚，然吾受劉將軍厚恩，誓以共死，不可背之。吾終不留，吾要當立效以報曹公乃去。」遼以羽言報曹公，曹公義之。, 及羽殺顏良，曹公知其必去，重加賞賜。羽盡封其所賜，拜書告辭，而奔先主於袁軍。左右欲追之，曹公曰：「彼各為其主，勿追也。」, 表卒，曹公定荊州，先主自樊將南渡江，別遣羽乘船數百艘會江陵。曹公追至當陽長阪，先主斜趣漢津，適與羽船相值，共至夏口。, 孫權遣兵佐先主拒曹公，曹公引軍退歸。先主收江南諸郡，乃封拜元勳，以羽為襄陽太守、盪寇將軍，駐江北。, 二十四年，先主為漢中王，拜羽為前將軍，假節鉞。是歲，羽率衆攻曹仁於樊。曹公遣于禁助仁。秋，大霖雨，漢水汎溢，禁所督七軍皆沒。禁降羽，羽又斬將軍龐德。梁郟、陸渾羣盜或遙受羽印號，為之支黨，羽威震華夏。, 曹公議徙許都以避其銳，司馬宣王、蔣濟以為關羽得志，孫權必不願也。可遣人勸權躡其後，許割江南以封權，則樊圍自解。曹公從之。先是，權遣使為子索羽女，羽罵辱其使，不許婚，權大怒。, 又南郡太守麋芳在江陵，將軍傅士仁屯公安，素皆嫌羽自輕己。羽之出軍，芳、仁供給軍資不悉相救。羽言「還當治之」，芳、仁咸懷懼不安。於是權陰誘芳、仁，芳、仁使人迎權。, 羽聞馬超來降，舊非故人，羽書與諸葛亮，問超人才可誰比類。亮知羽護前，乃荅之曰：「孟起兼資文武，雄烈過人，一世之傑，黥、彭之徒，當與益德並驅爭先，猶未及髯之絕倫逸羣也。」, 羽甞為流矢所中，貫其左臂，後創雖愈，每至陰雨，骨常疼痛，醫曰：「矢鏃有毒，毒入于骨，當破臂作創，刮骨去毒，然後此患乃除耳。」羽便伸臂令醫劈之。時羽適請諸將飲食相對，臂血流離，盈於盤器，而羽割炙引酒，言笑自若。, 評曰：關羽、張飛皆稱萬人之敵，為世虎臣。羽報效曹公，飛義釋嚴顏，並有國士之風。然羽剛而自矜，飛暴而無恩，以短取敗，理數之常也。, 曹公與袁紹相拒於官渡，汝南黃巾劉辟等叛曹公應紹。紹遣先主將兵與辟等略許下。關羽亡歸先主。曹公遣曹仁將兵擊先主，先主還紹軍，陰欲離紹，乃說紹南連荊州牧劉表。紹遣先主將本兵復至汝南，與賊龔都等合，衆數千人。 ... 曹公旣破紹，自南擊先主。先主遣麋笁、孫乾與劉表相聞，表自郊迎，以上賔禮待之，益其兵，使屯新野。, 及羽與肅鄰界，數生狐疑，疆埸紛錯，肅常以歡好撫之。備旣定益州，權求長沙、零、桂，備不承旨，權遣呂蒙率衆進取。備聞，自還公安，遣羽爭三郡。, 羽號有三萬人，自擇選銳士五千人，投縣上流十餘里淺瀨，云欲夜涉渡。肅與諸將議。 ... 肅便選千兵益寧，寧乃夜往。羽聞之，住不渡，而結柴營，今遂名此處為關羽瀨。, 賊圍頭有屯，又別屯四冢。晃揚聲當攻圍頭屯，而密攻四冢。羽見四冢欲壞，自將步騎五千出戰，晃擊之，退走，遂追陷與俱入圍，破之，或自投沔水死。, 羽果信之，稍撤兵以赴樊。魏使于禁救樊，羽盡禽禁等，人馬數萬，託以糧乏，擅取湘關米。權聞之，遂行，先遣蒙在前。蒙至尋陽，盡伏其精兵中，使白衣搖櫓，作商賈人服，晝夜兼行，至羽所置江邊屯候，盡收縛之，是故羽不聞知。遂到南郡，士仁、麋芳皆降。, 會權尋至，羽自知孤窮，乃走麥城，西至漳鄉，衆皆委羽而降。權使朱然、潘璋斷其徑路，即父子俱獲，荊州遂定。, 權征關羽，璋與朱然斷羽走道，到臨沮，住夾石。璋部下司馬馬忠禽羽，并羽子平、都督趙累等。, 傅子曰：遼欲白太祖，恐太祖殺羽，不白，非事君之道，乃歎曰：「公，君父也；羽，兄弟耳。」遂白之。太祖曰：「事君不忘其本，天下義士也。度何時能去？」遼曰：「羽受公恩，必立效報公而後去也。」, 臣松之以為曹公知羽不留而心嘉其志，去不遣追以成其義，自非有王霸之度，孰能至於此乎？斯實曹氏之休美。, 蜀記曰：羽與晃宿相愛，遙共語，但說平生，不及軍事。須臾，晃下馬宣令：「得關雲長頭，賞金千斤。」羽驚怖，謂晃曰：「大兄，是何言邪！」晃曰：「此國之事耳。」, 典略曰：羽圍樊，權遣使求助之，勑使莫速進，又遣主簿先致命於羽。羽忿其淹遲，又自已得于禁等，乃罵曰：「狢子敢爾，如使樊城拔，吾不能滅汝邪！」權聞之，知其輕己，偽手書以謝羽，許以自往。, 臣松之以為荊、吳雖外睦，而內相猜防，故權之襲羽，潛師密發。按呂蒙傳云：「伏精兵於之中，使白衣搖櫓，作商賈服。」以此言之，羽不求助於權，權必不語羽當往也。若許相援助，何故匿其形迹乎？, 蜀記曰：權遣將軍擊羽，獲羽及子平。權欲活羽以敵劉、曹，左右曰：「狼子不可養，後必為害。曹公不即除之，自取大患，乃議徙都。今豈可生！」乃斬之。, 臣松之桉吳書：孫權遣將潘璋逆斷羽走路，羽至即斬，且臨沮去江陵二三百里，豈容不時殺羽，方議其生死乎？又云「權欲活羽以敵劉、曹」，此之不然，可以絕智者之口。, 蜀記曰：曹公與劉備圍呂布於下邳，關羽啟公，布使秦宜祿行求救，乞娶其妻，公許之。臨破，又屢啟於公。公疑其有異色，先遣迎看，因自留之，羽心不自安。此與魏氏春秋所說無異也。, 初，羽隨先主從公圍呂布於濮陽，時秦宜祿為布求救於張楊。羽啟公：「妻無子，下城，乞納宜祿妻。」公許之。及至城門，復白。公疑其有色，李本作他。自納之。, 蜀記曰：初，劉備在許，與曹公共獵。獵中，衆散，羽勸備殺公，備不從。及在夏口，飄颻江渚，羽怒曰：「往日獵中，若從羽言，可無今日之困。」備曰：「是時亦為國家惜之耳；若天道輔正，安知此不為福邪！」, 臣松之以為備後與董承等結謀，但事泄不克諧耳，若為國家惜曹公，其如此言何！羽若果有此勸而備不肯從者，將以曹公腹心親戚，寔繁有徒，事不宿構，非造次所行；曹雖可殺，身必不免，故以計而止，何惜之有乎！旣往之事，故託為雅言耳。, sfnp error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFDubs1938 (, Wang Chien-ch’uan, “Spirit Writing Groups in Modern China (1840–1937): Textual Production, Public Teachings, and Charity.” In, conquer Liu Bei's territories in Jing Province, List of fictitious stories in Romance of the Three Kingdoms#Guan Yu's three conditions, List of fictitious stories in Romance of the Three Kingdoms#Guan Yu slays Yan Liang and Wen Chou, List of fictitious stories in Romance of the Three Kingdoms#Guan Yu crosses five passes and slays six generals, List of fictitious stories in Romance of the Three Kingdoms#Guan Yu slays Cai Yang at Gucheng, List of fictitious stories in Romance of the Three Kingdoms#Guan Yu releases Cao Cao at Huarong Trail, Sun–Liu territorial dispute#In Romance of the Three Kingdoms, List of fictitious stories in Romance of the Three Kingdoms#Hua Tuo heals Guan Yu's arm, List of fictitious stories in Romance of the Three Kingdoms#Events after Guan Yu's death, Three Kingdoms: Resurrection of the Dragon, strategy game series of the same title as the novel, "Monumental 1,320-Ton Sculpture of Chinese War God Watches Over the City", https://www.totalwar.com/games/three-kingdoms, http://www.puzzledragonx.com/en/monster.asp?n=1242, Annotations to Records of the Three Kingdoms, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Guan_Yu&oldid=995017669, People executed by the Han dynasty by decapitation, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2007, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 19:29. Throughout the operation, Guan Yu feasted, consumed alcohol and chatted with his men as though nothing had happened. In Chapter 5, Guan Yu made his name by slaying the seemingly "undefeatable" warrior Hua Xiong in the campaign against Dong Zhuo. According to an earlier arrangement, Liu Bei "borrowed" southern Jing Province from Sun Quan to serve as a temporary base; he would have to return the territories to Sun Quan once he found another base. When he makes a promise, he will be sure to fulfill it. Her Duo boon with Athena, Stubborn Roots, also allows you to recover health when you have no Death Defiance left. Dès son arrivée, Xu Huang annonce « Celui qui prendra la tête de Guan Yu recevra une récompense de 1 000 jins (livres) d’or ! For other uses, see, "Guan Yunchang" redirects here. Le moine demanda à l'âme de Guan Yu pourquoi celle-ci réclamerait sa tête alors que lui-même a tué et décapité des gens dans l’accomplissement de leur devoir, comme les généraux de Cao Cao que Guan Yu avait tués dans sa fuite. Later, the sworn brothers challenged the mighty warrior Lü Bu at Hulao Pass and managed to force Lü Bu to retreat although they never defeated him. He also appears in the History Channel's Anachronism card game. [Sanguozhi 22]. In 1402, when Zhu Di launched a coup d'état and successfully deposed his nephew, the Jianwen Emperor, Zhu Di claimed that he was blessed by the spirit of Guan Yu. He appointed Guan Yu as General of the Vanguard (前將軍) and bestowed upon him a ceremonial axe. Cao Cao treated Guan well and made him a lieutenant general in his own army. On Cao Cao's recommendation, Emperor Xian awarded Guan Yu the peerage of "Marquis[i] of Hanshou Village" (漢壽亭侯). Après y avoir tué un potentat local, il y devient fugitif et se réfugie dans la préfecture de Zhuo (aujourd'hui appelée Zhuozhou) et y rencontre Liu Bei et Zhang Fei, qui recrute alors des hommes pour faire face aux révoltes des Turbans Jaunes. In religious devotion he is reverentially called the "Emperor Guan" (Guān Dì) or "Lord Guan" (Guān Gōng). Lü Meng ordered his troops to treat the civilians well and ensure that they were not harmed. Guan Yu is referenced in the Portal Three Kingdoms of the card game Magic: The Gathering on a playable card. Cao Cao sent 5,000 elite cavalry to pursue Liu Bei's group and they caught up with them at Changban, where the Battle of Changban broke out. Together, they fought countless battles against the warlords Cao Cao and Sun Quan, and Guan Yu grew famous for hi… Zhiyi was then in deep meditation on Yuquan Hill (玉泉山) when he was distracted by Guan Yu's presence. After receiving Buddhist teachings from the master, Guan Yu took refuge in the triple gems and also requested the Five Precepts. However, Guan Yu was unrelenting and conceited while Zhang Fei was brutal and heartless. Le clan de Guan Yu est entièrement exterminé en 263, lorsque le Wei envahit le Shu, par Pang Hui, le fils de Pang De, car il voulait venger la mort de son père, exécuté par Guan Yu. Il ne partira donc pas avant de vous l’avoir repayé. I cannot break my oath. Today, Guan Yu is still widely worshipped by the Chinese; he may be worshipped in Martial temples and Wen Wu temples, and small shrines devoted to him are also found in homes, businesses and fraternal organisations. ». Traditionally, after the show ends, the actor has to wash his face, burn joss paper, light incense, and pray to Chinese deities. Note that you can easily see statues of him in practically any Chinese shop to this day. Pei Songzhi commented on the Dianlue account as follows: Although Liu Bei and Sun Quan appeared to get along harmoniously, they were actually distrustful of each other. Guan Yu had all along treated them with contempt. Guan Yu, se souvenant de la générosité de Cao Cao à son égard, décide de le laisser fuir sans combattre, soulignant encore davantage sa noblesse. Après la victoire, il la fait mander et la garde pour lui-même, ce qui cause à Guan Yu une vive contrariété. Zhuge Liang lui répond : Guan Yu était en effet doté de ce que la chronique a retenu comme étant une « magnifique barbe », et le fait que Zhuge Liang faisait référence à lui était donc évident. Martial temples and shrines dedicated exclusively to Guan Yu can be found across mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, and other places with Chinese influence such as Vietnam, South Korea and Japan. Son apparence globale était digne et exaltante. When they met again at Fancheng, Xu Huang gave an order to his men: "Whoever takes Guan Yu's head will be rewarded with 1,000 jin of gold." Cao Cao ultimately broke his promise as he took Lady Du as his concubine and adopted her son Qin Lang (whom she had with Qin Yilu). However, his followers advised him against doing so by saying, "A wolf shouldn't be kept as a pet as it'll bring harm to the keeper. Il est particulièrement populaire à Hong-Kong comme dieu de la guerre, des hommes d’affaires et des policiers. In Chinese folk religion, Guan Yu is widely referred to as "Emperor Guan" (關帝; Guāndì; dì implies deified status) and "Lord Guan" (關公; Guān Gōng), while his Taoist title is "Holy Emperor Lord Guan" (關聖帝君; Guān Shèng Dì Jūn). Il demande donc à Zhang Liao d’aller parler avec Guan Yu pour sonder ses sentiments. He eventually decided to tell Cao Cao. [Sanguozhi 13], The Shu Ji recorded that before Guan Yu embarked on the Fancheng campaign, he dreamt about a boar biting his foot. In the ancient times of the East, a great war between Three Kingdoms raged. "[Sanguozhi zhu 4], When Cao Cao and Yuan Shao clashed at the Battle of Guandu in 200, Yuan sent Liu Bei to contact Liu Pi (劉辟), a Yellow Turban rebel chief in Runan (汝南), and assist Liu Pi in attacking the imperial capital Xu while Cao Cao was away at Guandu. In the midst of battle, Guan Yu recognised Yan Liang's parasol so he charged towards Yan Liang, decapitated him and returned with his head. In the early Ming dynasty, the 42nd Celestial Master, Zhang Zhengchang (張正常), recorded the incident in his book Lineage of the Han Celestial Masters (漢天師世家), the first Taoist classic to affirm the legend. Sun Quan envoie à Cao Cao la tête de Guan Yu tandis qu’il prépare des funérailles honorables pour le reste du corps. The Mendocino Joss House, a historical landmark also known as Mo Dai Miu (Wudimiao, i.e. Zhang Liao did so, and Cao Cao was even more impressed with Guan Yu. By the time Guan Yu retreated from Fancheng, Sun Quan's forces had occupied Jiangling and captured the families of Guan Yu's soldiers. [Sanguozhi 15] The Shu Ji recorded an incident about Xu Huang encountering Guan Yu on the battlefield. [Sanguozhi 2][Sanguozhi others 1], When Liu Bei was appointed as the Chancellor (相) of Pingyuan, Guan Yu and Zhang Fei were appointed as Majors of Separate Command (别部司马), each commanding detachments of soldiers under Liu Bei. [Sanguozhi 5][Sanguozhi others 3], Later that year, Yuan Shao sent his general Yan Liang to lead an army to attack Cao Cao's garrison at Boma (白馬; near present-day Hua County, Henan), which was defended by Liu Yan (劉延). Cao Cao se demande alors s’il faudrait déménager la capitale à Xudu pour éviter les forces de Guan Yu et Sima Yi opine que Sun Quan ne pouvait se permettre de laisser Guan Yu connaître davantage de victoires. Guan Yu sealed up all the gifts he received from Cao Cao, wrote a farewell letter, and headed towards Yuan Shao's territory to find Liu Bei. Il prend possession de son corps et attaque Sun Quan en jurant vengeance sur Lü Meng. Based on this reasoning, even if Guan Yu did not seek help from Sun Quan, the latter would not mention anything about granting Guan Yu free passage in his territory. When he encounters Lu Meng, he learns that Wu had betrayed Shu for their own personal gain, which is something Guan Yu finds unforgivable. The hunting expedition event happened in the past, so it was used to justify that Guan Yu had given Liu Bei "valued advice", which the latter ignored. Il avait les yeux du phœnix et des sourcils broussailleux comme des vers à soie. The final "aspect", or form, unlocked for the Eternal Spear weapon is the Aspect of Guan Yu which resembles an ornamented Guandao. [Sanguozhi others 4][Sanguozhi 9], Liu Biao died in 208 and was succeeded by his younger son, Liu Cong, who surrendered Jing Province to Cao Cao when the latter started a campaign that year with the aim of wiping out opposing forces in southern China. Liu Bei, Guan Yu, Zhang Fei. The shallows were thus named 'Guan Yu's Shallows' (關羽瀨). He can compete with Yide, but he is not as good as the peerless beard. The apotheosis of Guan Yu occurred in stages, as he was given ever higher posthumous titles. Because of this honesty, … Finalement il soupira et dit à Cao Cao : « Vous êtes mon seigneur et donc comme mon père, alors que Guan Yu n'est qu’un frère. Initialement, Sun Quan dépêche un émissaire auprès de Guan Yu pour arranger un mariage entre son fils, Sun Deng, et la fille de Guan Yu, Guan Yinping. Liu Bei’s early military ventures did not go well. ». In the 14th century, his spirit was said to have aided Zhu Yuanzhang, the founder of the Ming dynasty, at the Battle of Lake Poyang. He even had to consider relocating the imperial capital elsewhere. He is still worshipped by many Chinese people today. In response, Liu Bei ordered Guan Yu to lead troops to stop Lü Meng. It recorded that Zhang Liao faced a dilemma of whether or not to convey Guan Yu's message to Cao Cao: if he did, Cao Cao might execute Guan Yu; if he did not, he would be failing in his service to Cao Cao. Zhang Liao replied, "Guan Yu has received favours from Your Excellency. Il servit sous les ordres de Liu Bei, le fondateur du royaume de Shu, dont il est le frère d'arme avec Zhang Fei, et aurait été un des cinq « généraux tigres », avec Huang Zhong, Ma Chao, Zhang Fei et Zhao Yun, bien qu’on ignore s’il a effectivement porté ce titre. Guan Yu aurait dit à Zhang Liao : « Je suis parfaitement conscient que le Seigneur Cao m’a montré beaucoup de respect et de générosité, mais le Seigneur Liu m'a également bien traité et j'ai juré de mourir pour lui. During the escape, Guan Yu is injured by an archer. Guan Yu allegedly had a third son, Guan Suo, who is not mentioned in historical texts and appears only in folklore and the historical novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms. [Sanguozhi zhu 9]. Playing next. Cao Cao heeded their suggestion. [Sanguozhi others 10], In 219, Liu Bei emerged victorious in the Hanzhong Campaign against Cao Cao, after which he declared himself "King of Hanzhong" (漢中王). [Sanguozhi others 11] Guan Yu withdrew his forces after seeing that he could not capture Fancheng. Sa légende est d'une telle ampleur qu'il en est venu à être vénéré à la fois par les forces de l'ordre et par les organisations de crime organisé. Though by no means mandatory, Chinese police officers worship and pay respect to him. : Yu). When Zhang Liao asked him, Guan Yu replied, "I am aware that Lord Cao treats me very generously. Dorsey Darryle. "[Sanguozhi 25], The Australian sinologist Rafe de Crespigny commented: "There are anecdotes describing Zhang Fei as a man of literary tastes who composed verse in the midst of battle, but he is more generally known as arrogant, impetuous and brutal. In her introduction, Guan Yu wears a typical white chinese monk tunic. "[Sanguozhi zhu 6], Although Guan Yu defeated and captured Yu Jin at Fancheng, his army found itself lacking food supplies, so he seized grain from one of Sun Quan's granaries at Xiang Pass (湘關). Later, when Liu Bei reached Xiakou (after his defeat at the Battle of Changban), Guan Yu complained, "If you heeded my advice during the hunting expedition in Xu, we wouldn't end up in this troubling situation." Together, they fought countless battle… [Sanguozhi 1] He was very interested in the ancient history book Zuo zhuan and could fluently recite lines from it. After Liu Bei gained control of Yi Province in 214, Guan Yu remained in Jing Province to govern and defend the area for about seven years. The claim that 'Sun Quan wanted to keep Guan Yu alive for the purpose of using him to counter Liu Bei and Cao Cao' does not make sense. [Sanguozhi zhu 8], By the time Guan Yu retreated from Fancheng, Sun Quan's forces had occupied Jiangling and captured the families of Guan Yu's soldiers. Some of these temples, such as the Guandi Temple in Xiezhou (解州), Shanxi, were built exactly in the layout of an imperial residence, befitting his status as a "ruler". The tradition of Guandi spirit writing continued in Chinese folk Religion well into the 20th century.. Liu Bei promptly agreed to Liu Zhang's proposal, but secretly planned to take over Liu Zhang's land. Tall and powerful, Guan Yu is a stalwart man who firmly believes in justice and virtue. While Guan Yu was said to be harsh towards men of the gentry but treated his soldiers well, Zhang Fei was courteous towards his betters but cruel to his rank and file. Pei Songzhi disputed this account as follows: According to (Wei Zhao's) Book of Wu, when Sun Quan sent Pan Zhang to block Guan Yu's retreat route, Guan Yu was executed after he was captured. ». Sun Quan was enraged. De là, ils vont jusqu’à Xiakou et Sun Quan lui prête des troupes pour affronter Cao Cao. L’affrontement a lieu à Baima et Cao Cao envoie Zhang Liao et Guan Yu en renfort. However, I have also received many favours from General Liu and I have sworn to follow him until I die. [Sanguozhi 18][Sanguozhi others 15] According to posthumous naming rules in the Yi Zhou Shu, "Zhuangmou" was meant for a person who failed to live up to his reputation. Eventually, he lands a place in Dong Han Academy (東漢書院) with help from his sworn brother, Liu Bei. Both sides then withdrew their forces. Guan Xing's son, Guan Tong (關統), married a princess (one of Liu Shan's daughters) and served as a General of the Household (中郎將) among the imperial guards. By then, Sun Quan had secretly agreed to an alliance with Cao Cao and sent Lü Meng and others to invade Jing Province while he followed behind with reinforcements. His lands would eventually form the Kingdom of Wei. Cependant, toute personne ayant une certaine culture se fabriquait en devenant adulte un alias à partir de son deuxième idéogramme (le, Religions populaires : Les multiples cultes vivants de Guandi, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Guan_Yu&oldid=174777886, Article manquant de références depuis janvier 2013, Article manquant de références/Liste complète, Article de Wikipédia avec notice d'autorité, Article contenant un appel à traduction en anglais, Portail:Biographie/Articles liés/Militaire, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. Guan Yu appears in Chinese operas such as Huarong Trail, Red Cliffs, and other excerpts from Romance of the Three Kingdoms. s’il doit se soumettre, c’est à l’empereur des Han et non à Cao Cao. His statue traditionally is situated in the far left of the main altar, opposite his counterpart Skanda. Mais Guan Yu scelle toutes ses récompenses, laisse une lettre d’adieu, et part rejoindre Liu Bei chez Yuan Shao. Comment ajouter mes sources ? Guan Yu knew that he had been isolated so he withdrew to Maicheng (麥城; in present-day Dangyang, Hubei) and headed west to Zhang District (漳鄉), where his re… Guan Yu, dans la mêlée, tue Yan Liang et ramène sa tête. Following Dong Zhuo's downfall, Guan Yu is eventually separated from his brothers and is often captured by Cao Cao. "[Sanguozhi zhu 14]. 6:45. The Manchu imperial clan of the Qing dynasty was also associated with Guan Yu's martial qualities. 3:21. Guan Yu appears as a playable character in many video games based on Romance of the Three Kingdoms which are produced by Koei, including: the strategy game series of the same title as the novel; the action game series Dynasty Warriors and Warriors Orochi. 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